Official Journal of
East European Branch of
CardiOncology Society
Monika Długosz-Danecka, Andrzej Jaroszyński, Wojciech Jurczak

Otrzymano/Received: 22.11.2018. Zaakceptowano/Accepted: 27.12.2018.

Role of biomarkers and electrocardiography assessment as individual predictors of anthracycline cardiotoxicity in lymphoma patients

Role of biomarkers and electrocardiography assessment as individual predictors of anthracycline cardiotoxicity in lymphoma patients OncoReview 2018; 4(32): 99-104. DOI: 10.24292/01.OR.271218
STRESZCZENIE

The significant progress in the treatment of non-Hodgkin lymphomas, translating into prolongation of overall survival results in the manifestation of long-term adverse events, like anthracycline-related cardiotoxicity. Despite the dose-dependent cardiac dysfunction and the presence of risk factors, the increasing probability of cardiotoxicity arises from individual predisposition. Identification of high- -risk patients gives the opportunity to implement the prevention strategies to reduce the incidence of cardiac complications. The study evaluated the utility of biomarkers: N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide, troponin I and electrocardiography with spatial QRS-T angle assessment, as indicators of individual sensitivity of cardiomyocytes to doxorubicin resulting in myocardial damage. Thirty-five treatment-naïve patients at increased risk of cardiotoxicity, were subjected prospectively during (R)-CHOP treatment to echocardiographic assessment and analysis of biomarkers: TnI and NT-proBNP plasma level and spatial QRS-T assessment before and 24 hours after each cycle of chemotherapy. The analysis of QRS-T angle was consistent with the results of NT-proBNP assessment and allowed to identify, after the first cycle of chemotherapy, patients at increased risk of developing cardiovascular complications, who require thorough echocardiographic analysis and primary cardioprotection implementation. Our data did not reveal the role of TnI in the identification of cardiac events. Our findings, though promising, should be confirmed in a larger group of patients in real-life or clinical trials.

ABSTRACT

The significant progress in the treatment of non-Hodgkin lymphomas, translating into prolongation of overall survival results in the manifestation of long-term adverse events, like anthracycline-related cardiotoxicity. Despite the dose-dependent cardiac dysfunction and the presence of risk factors, the increasing probability of cardiotoxicity arises from individual predisposition. Identification of high- -risk patients gives the opportunity to implement the prevention strategies to reduce the incidence of cardiac complications. The study evaluated the utility of biomarkers: N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide, troponin I and electrocardiography with spatial QRS-T angle assessment, as indicators of individual sensitivity of cardiomyocytes to doxorubicin resulting in myocardial damage. Thirty-five treatment-naïve patients at increased risk of cardiotoxicity, were subjected prospectively during (R)-CHOP treatment to echocardiographic assessment and analysis of biomarkers: TnI and NT-proBNP plasma level and spatial QRS-T assessment before and 24 hours after each cycle of chemotherapy. The analysis of QRS-T angle was consistent with the results of NT-proBNP assessment and allowed to identify, after the first cycle of chemotherapy, patients at increased risk of developing cardiovascular complications, who require thorough echocardiographic analysis and primary cardioprotection implementation. Our data did not reveal the role of TnI in the identification of cardiac events. Our findings, though promising, should be confirmed in a larger group of patients in real-life or clinical trials.

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